Regional integration in Europe and Asia
Lessons from the EU and ASEAN
19.03.2007 · C·A·P & Konrad-Adenauer-Stiftung
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Prof. Dr. Borwornsak Uwanno and Ms. Yeo.
Prior to the EU-ASEAN foreign ministers meeting, the Konrad Adenauer Foundation and the Center for Applied Policy Research (C·A·P) jointly organized a roundtable discussion in Munich, assembling experts form South East Asia and Europe. At this occasion it became obvious that even though common declarations and documents put EU-ASEAN relations in a favourable light, there is no time for too much euphoria. In fact, relations between the two regional organizations are not as far developed as one could expect given their long history. Even though inter-regionalism had become a buzzword in the external relations of the European Union, the European Asia policy is still mainly focusing on China and more recently India.
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Gottfried-Karl Kindermann, Dr. Noel Morada and Prof. Dr. Truong Huu Chi.
It is, however, not only due to the European side that EU-ASEAN relations need to be further improved. On behalf of ASEAN a lot remains to be done, too. The lacking consolidation of ASEAN is a major aspect in this regard. ASEAN developed in response to external pressure and has only recently taken on the challenge of organizing its intra-regional relations. Moreover, ASEAN as a political entity is not internalised by the member states peoples until now. Even the prominently discussed draft of an ASEAN-Charter is unlikely to change that. The fact that some of its member states still need to consolidate their statehood represents another obstacle for the organisation.
Dr. Franco Algieri and Dr. Peter Hefele.
Hence, for ASEAN to play a significant role in international relations would presuppose a consolidation of its member states. Moreover, regional integration would have to be felt among the people as an undertaking generating benefits for all. To attain these two goals ASEAN should focus its efforts on human development and poverty reduction. These issues should also be placed on top of the agenda for inter-regional cooperation between the European Union and ASEAN. Lessons from the European integration process can be helpful for Asian states to develop an adequate regional integration model. Vice versa a viable and stable partner in South East Asia would provide the European Union with political as well as economic alternatives in Asia. Therefore, it is about time for the European Union and its member states to rediscover their interest in ASEAN.
List of Participants
Dr. Franco Algieri, Project Director, EU-Asia, Center for Applied Policy Research, Munich
Michael Bauer, Research Assistant, Center for Applied Policy Research, Munich
Thomas Bauer, Research Fellow, Center for Applied Policy Research, Munich
Florian Baumann, Research Assistant, Center for Applied Policy Research, Munich
Thomas Biechl, Research Assistant, Center for Applied Policy Research, Munich
Prof. Dr. Truong Huu Chi, Member of the Vietnamese National Assembly, President of the Vietnamese-German parliamentary friendship group, Hanoil, Vietnam
Janis Emmanouilidis, Senior Research Fellow, Center for Applied Policy Research, Munich
Dr. Peter Hefele, Head of Division 2 Team Asia, International Cooperation, Konrad Adenauer Foundation, Berlin
Dr. Muhammad A.S. Hikam, MA, Member of Parliament, Banten Province, Indonesia
Dato Dr. Zambry Kadir, Member of Parliament, Pangkor District, Chairman of the Committee for Education, Human Resource and Multimedia, Ipoh, Malaysia
Prof. Dr. Dr. h.c. Gottfried-Karl Kindermann, Geschwister-Scholl-Institute for Political Science, Ludwig-Maximilians-University, Munich
Prof. Dr. Horst-Günther Krenzler, former Director General of DG I "External Economic Relations", European Commission, Brussels
Dr. Reinhard C. Meier-Walser, Director, Academy for Politics and Current Affairs, Hanns-Seidel-Foundation, Munich
Dr. Noel Morada, Executive Director, Institute of Strategic and Development Studies (ISDS), Manila, Philippines
Dr. Ulrike Reisach, Director Strategy & Trends, Corporate Development Strategy, Siemens AG, Munich
Prof. Dr. Borwornsak Uwanno, former Secretary General of the Cabinet, Bangkok, Thailand
Dr. Yeo Lay Hwee, Executive Director, Singapore Institute of International Affairs (SIIA), Singapore
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